The Resource Earl Clark, Malcolm MacKenzie and H. Newcomb Eldredge oral history

Earl Clark, Malcolm MacKenzie and H. Newcomb Eldredge oral history

Label
Earl Clark, Malcolm MacKenzie and H. Newcomb Eldredge oral history
Title
Earl Clark, Malcolm MacKenzie and H. Newcomb Eldredge oral history
Contributor
Interviewer
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
Interview conducted by Martha Teichner, CBS network commentator, and daughter of Pepi Teichner, a 10th Mountain Division ski instructor: how the idea of a mountain infantry unit was sold to, and approved by, Gen. Marshall, Army Chief of Staff by Minnie Dole, the National Director of the Ski Patrol; experimental unit was created in 1941, before the Pearl Harbor attack; most of the ski instructors were first generation Americans and their heritage was German, Italian, and Austrian, but there was never any question about their loyalty to the United States; training consisted of physical conditioning; maneuvers and bivouacking in 30 degree temperatures; during non-winter seasons, they followed normal Infantry training, and mountain climbing; combat experiences and how, despite heavy causalities, every mission was accomplished; and never lost a foot of ground to German counter-attacks; military significance of their mission was the Alpines Mountains were the last major German line of defense outside of Germany was maintained; it was critical that the key mountain positions of the Germans be taken before the combined British/American armies could launch the massive attacks that helped end the war; discussion of their individual combat experiences: Clark and Eldredge were both wounded in action; why the 10th has maintained their identity as an organization, while other combat units have not; probably because they (skiers, cowboys, and mule skinners) trained together for over two years before they went into combat. Also discussed was the influence that the 10th Mountain Division veterans have had on the U.S. ski industry
Note
Forms part of the 10th Mountain Division Resource Center Collection.
Biographical or historical data
Earl E. Clark was born July 3, 1919 in south Londonderry, N.H., and was educated at the Universities of Chicago and Denver. He enlisted in the 87th Mountain Infantry Regiment in March 1942 and was commissioned a Second Lieutenant in that year. Clark served with the 10th until it was deactivated in November 1945. He continued his Army career, retiring as a Lieutenant Colonel. On December 7, 1979, Clark was inducted into the United States Army's Infantry Hall of Fame at Fort Benning, Ga. He was one of the founders of the National Association of the 10th Mountain Division and served seven years as its president. In 2001 Clark was inducted into the Colorado Ski Hall of Fame. He has been extremely active in community affairs and served for many years as a vice president of the Denver Chamber of Commerce. Earl Clark died in Littleton, Colo. on December 28, 2014. -- Malcolm "Mac" MacKenzie was born in Ma. in 1925. He had completed three years of high school, was single and working as a retail clerk when he enlisted in the Army at Manchester' N.H. MacKenzie joined the 10th Mountain Division at Camp Hale, Colo. in 1943. He later served at Camp Swift, Tex. and in Italy. MacKenzie was assigned to several different companies in the 85th and 86th Infantry Regiments. During combat operations in Italy, he was wounded in action near Castel d'Aiano on April 14, 1945. MacKenzie was very active in the National Association of the 10th Mountain Division and served as the organization's second president. -- H. Newcomb Eldredge was born August 4, 1924 in Baltimore, Md. He enlisted in the Army on November 12, 1943. Eldredge joined the 10th Mountain Division at Camp Hale, Colo. and was assigned to Company L of the 85th Mountain Infantry Regement. He also served at Camp Swift, Tex. and in Italy. During combat in Italy, Eldredge was wounded and was awarded two Bronze Star medals. He left the Army on March 14, 1946, but returned to active duty during the Korean War. He was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant and served in the intelligence branch.
Cataloging source
DPL
Credits note
Interviewed by Martha Teichner
Form of composition
not applicable
Format of music
not applicable
Literary text for sound recordings
interviews
Music parts
not applicable
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
Teichner, Martha
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Clark, Earl E
  • MacKenzie, Malcolm
  • Eldredge, H. Newcomb
  • United States
  • United States
  • United States
  • United States
  • World War, 1939-1945
  • Military maneuvers
  • Armed Forces
  • Soldiers
  • Ski troops
  • Camp Hale (Colo.)
Transposition and arrangement
not applicable
Label
Earl Clark, Malcolm MacKenzie and H. Newcomb Eldredge oral history
Link
http://digital.denverlibrary.org/cdm/ref/collection/p16079coll36/id/2683
Instantiates
Production
Note
This oral history was digitized as part of the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR) Recordings at Risk grant project
Accompanying material
  • 1 envelope
  • 1 PDF file
Carrier category
  • audiocassette
  • other
  • sheet
Carrier category code
  • ss
  • sz
  • nb
Carrier MARC source
  • rdacarrier
  • rdacarrier
  • rdacarrier
Content category
  • spoken word
  • text
Content type code
  • spw
  • txt
Content type MARC source
  • rdacontent
  • rdacontent
Cumulative index finding aids
Typed notes available.
Dimensions
7 1/4 x 3 1/2 in., 1/4 in. tape &
Extent
  • 1 audiocassette
  • 3 MP3 audio files (56MB)
Immediate source of acquisition
Unknown;
Media category
  • audio
  • unmediated
Media MARC source
  • rdamedia
  • rdamedia
Media type code
  • s
  • n
Other physical details
  • 3 3/4 ips, mono
  • sound +
System control number
  • (OCoLC)898743363
  • (OCoLC)ocn898743363
  • 1315035
Label
Earl Clark, Malcolm MacKenzie and H. Newcomb Eldredge oral history
Link
http://digital.denverlibrary.org/cdm/ref/collection/p16079coll36/id/2683
Production
Note
This oral history was digitized as part of the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR) Recordings at Risk grant project
Accompanying material
  • 1 envelope
  • 1 PDF file
Carrier category
  • audiocassette
  • other
  • sheet
Carrier category code
  • ss
  • sz
  • nb
Carrier MARC source
  • rdacarrier
  • rdacarrier
  • rdacarrier
Content category
  • spoken word
  • text
Content type code
  • spw
  • txt
Content type MARC source
  • rdacontent
  • rdacontent
Cumulative index finding aids
Typed notes available.
Dimensions
7 1/4 x 3 1/2 in., 1/4 in. tape &
Extent
  • 1 audiocassette
  • 3 MP3 audio files (56MB)
Immediate source of acquisition
Unknown;
Media category
  • audio
  • unmediated
Media MARC source
  • rdamedia
  • rdamedia
Media type code
  • s
  • n
Other physical details
  • 3 3/4 ips, mono
  • sound +
System control number
  • (OCoLC)898743363
  • (OCoLC)ocn898743363
  • 1315035

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